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Grading, Academic Year and Language of Instruction in Turkey

Grading System

The grading scales used by the high schools and universities in Turkey are different. 

Secondary/High School Grading System

The high schools in Turkey use a grading scale of 0-5, where 5 is the highest score.

 Scale Grade Grade description (In English)Grade description (In Turkish)  US Grade
 5.00 A Very Good Pek iyi  A
 4.00-4.99 B Good Iyi  B
 3.00-3.99 C Average Orta C
 2.00-2.99 D Weak Noksan D
 1.00-1.99 E Very Weak/Fail Pek noksan/Gecmez F

University Grading Scale

Universities in Turkey use a grading scale of 0-100, where 100 is the highest score. Some of the Turkish universities use an American scale A-F where grade point average (GPA) is calculated on a scale of 4.00.

 Grade Scale(In Percentage)Coefficient/GPA 
 AA 90-100 4
 BA 85-89 3.5
 BB 80-84 3
 CB 75-79 2.5
 CC 70-74 2
 DC 65-69 1.5
 DD 60-64 1
 FD 50-59 0.5
 FF 49 and below 0

Academic Year

The academic year of educational institutions in Turkey commences in the mid-September or early October and ends in May or early June. The academic year is split up into 2 semesters:
  • First semester: Commences in September and concludes in January.  
  • Second semester: Commences in February and concludes in June. 
Break time: Winter break of 2-weeks in February

Language of Instruction

The language of instruction in Turkey is Turkish and English.  Though, some of the academic programmes at higher education level are offered in German, French or English, along with one year preparatory course.
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